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E-NEWS

Chartered Institution of Water and
Environmental Management (CIWEM)

106-109 Saffron Hill, London, EC1N 8QS  
Tel: 020 7831 3110   Fax: 020 7405 4967
 

Geographical Information System and Mapping

The Field

The Field
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) represents the most ubiquitous strand of IT. Geographical Information Systems are integrated computer systems for capturing, storing, analysing and displaying data which are geographically referenced to the earth's surface. GIS also includes the operating personnel and the data that go into the system. The main areas of GIS activity can be categorised as mature technologies which interact with GIS, management and decision-making, and science and research activities.
Main Employers
Local authorities
• Government departments
• Police and emergency services
• Utility, oil and gas companies
• Telecommunications companies
• Insurance companies
• Advertising and market research companies
• Private healthcare companies
• Retail organisations
• Defence organisations
• Construction companies
• Environmental consultancies
Qualifications
• Relevant further education subjects include: Cartography; Computer Science; Geography; Geographical Information Systems; Mathematics; Software Engineering; Surveying; Town Planning.The Field

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) represents the most ubiquitous strand of IT. Geographical Information Systems are integrated computer systems for capturing, storing, analysing and displaying data which are geographically referenced to the earth's surface. GIS also includes the operating personnel and the data that goes into the system. The main areas of GIS activity can be categorised as mature technologies which interact with GIS, management and decision-making, and science and research activities.

Main Employers

  • Local Authorities
  • Government Departments
  • Police and Emergency Services
  • Utility, Oil and Gas Companies
  • Telecommunications Companies
  • Insurance Companies
  • Advertising and Market Research Companies
  • Private Healthcare Companies
  • Retail Organisations
  • Defence Organisations
  • Construction Companies
  • Environmental Consultancies

Qualifications

  • Relevant further education subjects include Cartography, Computer Science, Geography, Geographical Information Systems, Mathematics, Software Engineering, Surveying and Town Planning.

 

More Information

  • Geographical Information System Specialist

    Geographical Information System Specialist

    Starting Salary: £19,000-£23,000

    Experienced Salary: £25,000-£35,000+

    Using advanced computer software and 3-D modelling techniques, GIS specialists integrate topographical, geographic, cartographic, technological, social and economic data. Their detailed maps, charts, and graphs are generated and analysed to identify environmental issues of interest to government agencies, environmental groups or corporations. They might use satellite photos, lasers, cameras, thermal scanners, and other remote sensing devices to create databases of information about population density, political boundaries, land use, transportation networks, the location of sewer lines, or potential forest-fire areas and display one or more of them on automated maps. GIS specialists usually specialise in a particular type of mapping technology like GPS or remote sensing. They can also specialise in a specific type of mapping, like nautical and aeronautical mapping, statistical mapping, topographic mapping, archaeological mapping or mapping for environmental planning. Some specialise in programming or developing GIS software.

    Relevant further education subjects include Geospatial Information Systems, Geography, Anthropology, or a related field with a focus on GIS. Many employers prefer workers with a strong background in computer applications and experience with GIS software. Many universities offer courses specifically designed to train GIS specialists, such as cartography and statistics, and some schools also award GIS certificates to students who have completed the required coursework and training.

  • Cartographer

    Cartographer

    Starting Salary: £15,000-£18,000

    Experienced Salary: £20,000-£45,000

    Cartographers produce maps, charts, plans and 3-D models in either digital or graphic form, using information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs and satellite data. Cartographers are involved with the scientific, technological and artistic aspects of developing and producing maps and cartographic information. They compile geographic, political and cultural information. This involves collecting, analysing, and interpreting both spatial data (latitude, longitude, elevation, distance, etc.) and nonspatial data (population density, land-use patterns, annual precipitation levels, demographic characteristics, etc.). Cartographers have evolved from detailed illustrators to sophisticated technical analysts. Using advanced computer tools, they input and analyse geographic map data and chart the movement of wildlife, the progression of erosion or the precise locations of plant species. They share their findings with government agencies, policy developers and environmental groups.

    Relevant fruther education subjects include Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Computer Science, Software Engineering or Technology, Physical, Mathematical and Applied Sciences, Earth Sciences, Geography and Geology, Geophysics and Geotechnology, Marine Sciences and Oceanography, Surveying, Urban and Land Studies, Civil and Structural Engineering and Graphic Design. Graduates are preferred but entry with an HND or foundation degree in one of the relevant subjects listed above is possible.

    The British Cartographic Society

 

Chartered Institution of Water and
Environmental Management (CIWEM)

106-109 Saffron Hill, London, EC1N 8QS  
Tel: 020 7831 3110   Fax: 020 7405 4967

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