Natural capital is the stock of natural ecosystems that provide
long term benefits. The role they play in mitigating and adapting
to climate change, as well as improving well being, cannot be
overestimated. Quite simply, they are our life support systems. Yet
we are eroding and destroying them at a catastrophic rate, to the
point where there is real risk that they will soon be degraded such
that they are unable to provide this vital service.
CIWEM's work on natural capital is coordinated through its Natural
From Microbes to
||The terms 'ecosystem services' and 'natural capital' are
increasingly used across the environment sector and within policy
circles. However, due to their complexity and relatively
recent conception, understanding of their definitions and purpose
remains weak. The debate surrounding the adoption of the approach
is often reduced to discussions surrounding the highly
controversial role of monetary valuation techniques.
This report provides the background to these 'new' approaches
whilst debating the complexity and controversy surrounding their
Urban Green infrastructure discusses the drivers and barriers
to increasing green infrastructure provision in our towns and
cities. CIWEM believes that green infrastructure can provide
sustainable regenerative solutions for the urban challenges we face
now and into the future. This briefing report is aimed at
policy-makers and practitioners.
Conservation Policy: Issues and Approaches provides
information on the ecosystems approach, habitat
fragmentation and invasive non-native species policy.
Policy Position Statements: