Energy and Climate Change

The climate crisis represents the single greatest challenge humankind faces today. The level of evidence-based, scientific consensus is such that the focus for society must be to urgently mitigate climate change and adapt to its current and future impacts.

All parts of society must contribute to reducing carbon emissions to meet climate change mitigation targets. Yet decarbonisation of the power sector is crucial to economy-wide decarbonisation. The transformation of energy systems must accelerate the uptake of low carbon technologies and reduce global reliance on fossil fuels.

Adaptation is essential to complement efforts at mitigation. Resilience measures must be implemented by all aspects of society and economies. The benefits of working more closely with nature rather than depleting the services it can provide, and achieving multiple benefits to combat the risks from heat and water stress, storms and flooding will also need to be prioritised.

Our work in this area includes climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience, electricity generation including from renewables, energy efficiency, the water-energy nexus and unconventional sources of energy including shale gas (fracking).

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